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Volume 21 / Issue 5

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DOI:   10.3217/jucs-021-05-0712


Methodological Approach and Technological Framework to Break the Current Limitations of MOOC Model

Ángel Fidalgo-Blanco (Technical University of Madrid, Spain)

María Luisa Sein-Echaluce (University of Zaragoza, Spain)

Francisco J. García-Peñalvo (GRIAL Research Group University of Salamanca, Spain)

Abstract: A methodological approach and technological framework are proposed to improve learning outcomes in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), taking into account the distinguishing features of this kind of massive courses over traditional online courses. The proposed methodology integrates the learning strategies of xMOOCs and cMOOCs with adaptivity and knowledge management capabilities. In order to test the learning results of the methodology and the need of supporting technological framework for it, a MOOC was made based on the methodological proposal and using a MOOC platform called MiríadaX. The quantitative results have improved considerably the MOOC completion rate (compared to the average of the rest of MOOC MiríadaX) and the qualitative results show a great satisfaction with the learning outcomes of the learners. However, the technological environment did not allow us develop all the methodological capabilities and it was one of the main concerns of the MOOC attendances. Therefore, from the analysis of collected data and considering the limitations of current MOOC technology platforms, a technological framework has been designed. It may incorporate the proposed methodology in an efficient and effective way. Based on this proposed technological framework, a MOOC platform has been developed and delivered, used by three Spanish Universities to offer MOOCs. This new platform and the supported technological framework have been tested with a first pilot with promising results.

Keywords: adaptive learning, connectivism, instructivism, learning management system, massive open online course, technological framework

Categories: K.3.1, K.3.2