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Volume 17 / Issue 4

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DOI:   10.3217/jucs-017-04-0605


Markup upon Video - towards Dynamic and Interactive Video Annotations

Peter Schultes (University of Passau, Germany)

Franz Lehrer (University of Passau, Germany)

Harald Kosch (University of Passau, Germany)

Abstract: Interactive video is increasingly becoming a more and more dominant feature of our media platforms. Especially due to the popular YouTube annotations framework, integrating graphical annotations in a video has become very fashionable these days. However, the current options are limited to a few graphical shapes for which the user can define as good as no dynamic behaviour. Despite the enormous demand for easy-creatable, interactive video there are no such advanced tools available.

In this article we describe an innovative approach, to realize dynamics and interactivity of video annotations. First we explain basic concepts of video-markup like the generic element model and visual descriptors. After that we introduce the event-tree model, which can be used to define event-handling in an interactive video formally as well as visually. By combining these basic concepts, we can give an effective tool to the video community for realizing interactive and dynamic video in a simple, intuitive and focused way.

Keywords: event tree, hypervideo, interactive video, video 2.0, video markup

Categories: D.1.7, H.5.1, H.5.2, H.5.4