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Volume 12 / Issue 5

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DOI:   10.3217/jucs-012-05-0499


Reversible Karatsuba's Algorithm

Luis Antonio Brasil Kowada (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ, Brazil)

Renato Portugal (Laboratório Nacional de Computação Científica - LNCC, Brazil)

Celina Miraglia Herrera de Figueiredo (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ, Brazil)

Abstract: Karatsuba discovered the first algorithm that accomplishes multiprecision integer multiplication with complexity below that of the grade-school method. This algorithm is implemented nowadays in computer algebra systems using irreversible logic. In this paper we describe reversible circuits for the Karatsuba's algorithm and analyze their computational complexity. We discuss garbage disposal methods and compare with the well known Bennett's schemes. These circuits can be used in reversible computers which have the advantage of being very efficient in terms of energy consumption. The algorithm can also be used in quantum computers and is an improvement of previous circuits for the same purpose described in the literature.

Keywords: arithmetic operations, multiplier, reversible circuit, reversible computing,

Categories: B.2, B.6, F.1, F.2