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Volume 25 / Issue 13

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DOI:   10.3217/jucs-025-13-1687


Improving Multi-Label Classification for Learning Objects Categorization by Taking into Consideration Usage Information

Pedro G. Espejo (University of Cordoba, Spain)

Eva Gibaja (University of Cordoba, Spain)

Victor H. Menéndez (Autonomous University of Yucatan, Mexico)

Alfredo Zapata (Autonomous University of Yucatan, Mexico)

Cristobal Romero (University of Cordoba, Spain)

Abstract: Learning objects are digital resources that can be deployed by means of a web system for supporting teaching. A key advantage is reuse, and this is possible thanks to learning objects repositories that allow learning object search, management and categorization. In this work, we propose a novel approach towards automatically learning object categorization taking into consideration learning object usage information. We use a multi-label learning approach since each learning object might be associated with multiple categories. We have developed a methodology with three main stages allowing us to firstly select the most suitable set of text features from learning objects metadata, secondly selecting how much historical learning object usage information can enhance classification performance, and finally selecting the best multi-label classification algorithms with our data. We have carried out an experimental work using 519 learning objects gathered from the AGORA repository for 8 years. We have compared 13 multi-label classification algorithms over 16 evaluation measures. The results obtained show that usage information about the learning object can improve the classification.

Keywords: feature selection, learning object categorization, multi-label classification, usage information

Categories: H.4.m, J.7