Enhancing Large Dam Safety Using IoT Technologies: A Case of a Smart Dam
Rastko Martać (Jaroslav Černi Water Institute, Serbia)
Nikola Milivojević (Jaroslav Černi Water Institute, Serbia)
Marijana Despotović-Zrakić (University of Belgrade, Serbia)
Zorica Bogdanović (University of Belgrade, Serbia)
Dušan Barać (University of Belgrade, Serbia)
Abstract: This paper investigates how to transform a manual monitoring system into a smart environment using IoT technologies. Large dams are of huge importance as water reservoirs and potential energy sources primarily because of their use for electric energy generation. Monitoring and predicting dams' behavior are quite challenging. Due to a variety of limitations, environmental obstacles and dam system complexity, the application of RFID, Bluetooth, and IoT technologies has proven to be an adequate, affordable and reliable dam safety solution. This paper introduces a comprehensive model of dam safety management and monitoring based on pervasive technologies. The model described in this work has been applied within the large dam "Iron Gate 1", on the river Danube in the Republic of Serbia. The results show that the use of new technologies in the dam monitoring process can reduce human error and improve overall process.
Keywords: Dam Monitoring, Dam Safety Management, Internet of Things, RFID, Smart Dam, bluetooth