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Volume 25 / Issue 6

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Quality Assessment of Photographed 3D Printed Flat Surfaces Using Hough Transform and Histogram Equalization

Jarosław Fastowicz (West Pomeranian University of Technology, Poland)

Krzysztof Okarma (West Pomeranian University of Technology, Poland)

Abstract: Automatic visual quality assessment of objects created using additive manufacturing processes is one of the hot topics in the Industry 4.0 era. As the 3D printing becomes more and more popular, also for everyday home use, a reliable visual quality assessment of printed surfaces attracts a great interest. One of the most obvious reasons is the possibility of saving time and filament in the case of detected low printing quality, as well as correction of some smaller imperfections during the printing process. A novel method presented in the paper can be successfully applied for the assessment of at surfaces almost independently on the filament's colour. Is utilizes the assumption about the regularity of the layers visible on the printed high quality surfaces as straight lines, which can be extracted using Hough transform. However, for various colours of filaments some preprocessing operations should be conducted to allow a proper line detection for various samples. In the proposed method the additional brightness compensation has been used together with Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE) algorithm. Results obtained for the database of 88 photos of 3D printed samples, together with their scans, are encouraging and allow a reliable quality assessment of 3D printed surfaces for various colours of filaments.

Keywords: 3D prints, CLAHE, Hough transform,, additive manufacturing, quality assessment

Categories: I.4.10, I.4.6, I.7.5