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Volume 25 / Issue 3

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Provably Secure Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption from Identity-Based Encryption

Yi-Fan Tseng (National Chengchi University, Taiwan)

Chun-I Fan (National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan)

Chih-Wen Lin (National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan)

Abstract: Ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) is an access control mechanism where a data provider encrypts a secret message and then sends the ciphertext to the receivers according to the access policy which she/he decides. If the attributes of the receivers match the access policy, then they can decrypt the ciphertext. This paper shows a relation between CP-ABE and identity-based encryption (IBE), and presents a bi-directional conversion between an access structure and identities. By the proposed conversion, the CP-ABE scheme constructed from an IBE scheme will inherit the features, such as constant-size ciphertexts and anonymity, from the IBE scheme, and vice versa. It turns out that the proposed conversion also gives the first CP-ABE achieving access structures with wildcard and constant-size ciphertexts/private keys. Finally, we prove the CCA security for confidentiality and anonymity.

Keywords: attribute-based encryption, constant-size ciphertexts/keys, hidden access policies, identity-based encryption

Categories: D.4.6, E.3