Implementing Flipped Classroom that Used a Context Aware Mobile Learning System into Learning Process
Mahnane Lamia (University of Badji Moktar, Algeria)
Mohamed Hafidi (University of Badji Moktar, Algeria)
André Tricot (University of Toulouse Jean Jaures and CNRS, France)
Ouissem Benmesbah (University of Badji Moktar, Algeria)
Abstract: While some studies indicate that flipped classrooms offer many positive educational outcomes, other studies draw attention to limitations associated with flipped classroom (students' limited preparation prior to class, students' need for guidance at home, students' inability to get immediate feedback while they study at home, and little research has focused on students' learning outcomes, such as: satisfaction and motivation). This paper attempts to address several of these limitations through exploratory studies conducted in an Algerian University. The approach proposed in this paper called Flipped classroom based on Context-Aware mobile learning system (FC-CAMLS) aims to provide learners with an adapted course content format based on their feedback and context. The latter has a significant influence on multimedia content in adaptive mobile learning. The system was implemented in an English Language course. It was expected that the FC-CAMLS increased the management of students' heterogeneity. A quantitative analysis by means of structural equation modeling was performed to analyze the causal relationships between knowledge, skills, motivation and students' satisfaction. The results show that the system has positive effects on students' knowledge, skills, and motivation. Finally, our research provides useful results that the use of the context dimensions and learner's feedback in adaptive mobile learning is more beneficial for learners especially in the flipped classroom.
Keywords: English linguistics module, context aware mobile learning, flipped classroom, learner's feedback, motivation, satisfaction
Categories: H.2, J.4, L.3