Embedding Hygiene-Compatible Macros in an Unhygienic Macro System
Pascal Costanza (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
Theo D'Hondt (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium)
Abstract: It is known that the essential ingredients of a Lisp-style unhygienic macro system can be expressed in terms of advanced hygienic macro systems. We show that the reverse is also true: We present a model of a core unhygienic macro system, on top of which a hygiene-compatible macro system can be built, without changing the internals of the core macro system and without using a code walker. To achieve this, the internal representation of source code as Lisp s-expressions does not need to be changed. The major discovery is the fact that symbol macros can be used in conjunction with local macro environments to bootstrap a hygiene-compatible macro system. We also discuss a proof-of-concept implementation in Common Lisp and give historical notes.
Keywords: common Lisp, hygiene-compatible macro systems, scheme
Categories: D.1.1, D.3.3, D.3.4